Saudi Arabia on Sunday buries Crown Prince Nayef bin Abdul Aziz during a sombre ceremony in Islam's holiest city, as defence minister Prince Salman appeared poised to become the new heir apparent.
The 79-year-old Nayef died on Saturday of "cardiac problems" at his brother's residence in Geneva, a medical source in the Swiss city said.
The ceremony was held late afternoon at the Grand Mosque in Mecca, in western Saudi Arabia, and attended by a grieving King Abdullah, members of the royal family and a number of heads of states from Islamic countries.
Mohammed bin Zayed joins in funeral prayers
General Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi and Deputy Supreme Commander of the UAE Armed Forces joined the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz of Saudi Arabia in the funeral prayers for the late Saudi Crown Prince Nayef bin Abdul Aziz, deputy premier and minister of interior at the Grand Mosque in the Holy city of Makkah.
Saudi princes, heads of states, representatives of Arab and Islamic countries and a large congregation performed the funeral prayer and prayed to Allah Almighty to bestow mercy on the soul of the late prince. The body of the late Prince Nayef then was buried in the Al-Adl cemetery in Makkah.
Sheikh Mohammed later offered condolences of President His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan and Vice-President and Prime Minister and Ruler of Dubai His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum to King Abdullah and to Their Royal Highnesses brothers and sons of Prince Nayef.
Sheikh Mohammed nin Zayed was accompanied by Sheikh Maktoum bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Deputy Ruler of Dubai, Lt.General Sheikh Saif bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Interior, Sheikh Mansour bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Presidential Affairs, Mohammed Mubarak Al-Mazrouie, Undersecretary of the court of the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi.
Tributes pour in
Prince Nayef's body, which arrived earlier in the day in the city of Jeddah on board a Saudi aircraft from Geneva before being driven to Mecca, was wrapped in an ochre-coloured shroud during the ceremony and later buried in a cemetery next to the Grand Mosque.
Tributes for Nayef, Saudi's long-serving interior minister, poured in from around the world.
"Crown Prince Nayef devoted his life to promoting the security of Saudi Arabia," said UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon, while US President Barack Obama praised his cooperation in the fight against terror that "saved countless American and Saudi lives."
French President Francois Hollande said his country had lost a "friend" and the president of the Swiss Confederation, where Nayef died, offered Bern's "deepest condolences."
Nayef's death, just eight months after he replaced his late brother Sultan as crown prince, raises the issue of succession because of the advanced age of the first line of apparent heirs, in a time of turmoil rocking the Arab world.
King Abdullah himself is 88 and ailing, and nobody is officially in line to replace Nayef.
His brother Prince Salman, 76, who took the defence portfolio after Sultan's death, appears to be a strong candidate.
"Prince Salman is the most likely successor," Saudi political scientist Khaled al-Dakheel said.
"All expectations point to Prince Salman to succeed Prince Nayef for his experience in administration, security and politics," agreed Anwar Eshqi, head of the Jeddah-based Middle East Centre for Strategic Studies.
Next in line
And Jane Kinninmont, a senior research fellow for the Middle East and North Africa at London's Chatham House, said Salman is "generally assumed to be the next in line."
In 2006 the Saudi monarch established the allegiance council, a body of around 35 senior princes, as a new succession mechanism whose long-term aim was to choose the crown prince.
But the new commission had not been activated when Nayef was chosen as crown prince, according to Dakheel, who argued that naming his successor is a chance to bring the new body into play.
The royal decree that established the council postponed its use until after Abdullah's death.
"This is a chance to activate the allegiance council system... which provides a legal foundation for a peaceful power transfer within the family and leaves no room for surprises. This is important for state stability," Dakheel said.
Kinninmont argued that choosing the second in line to the throne, which is "likely to be signified informally by the title of second deputy prime minister, is more challenging."
King Abdullah did not name a second deputy after Nayef was promoted to first deputy after Sultan's death.
Nayef was the middle prince of the Sudairi Seven, the formidable bloc of sons of King Abdul Aziz by a favourite wife, Princess Hassa al-Sudairi.
In addition to Salman, remaining Sudairis include Prince Abdul Rahman, Prince Turki and Prince Ahmed, deputy interior minister and likely to succeed Nayef as the oil powerhouse's security chief.
Nayef, who spearheaded Saudi Arabia's clampdown on Al-Qaeda following a wave of attacks in the conservative kingdom between 2003 and 2006, became heir last October.
He forced the jihadist group's leaders and militants to flee to Yemen, from where they continue to be a thorn in the side of Saudi interests.
"He was one of the pillars of stability in the kingdom," wrote Al-Jazirah daily. "He managed to overcome crises and navigate this country to the shores of safety."
Prince Nayef travelled abroad several times this year for medical reasons, and was shown on television in Geneva three days ago greeting supporters.
The nature of his illness was not made public.
He also strongly opposed allowing women to drive. A planned protest on Sunday by the Women2Drive group was postponed until Friday following Nayef's death.