Mobile destroys posture: Women prefer 'Cocoon'; men like 'smart lean'
Office employees spend up to six hours a day working on mobile devices rather than desktop computers, and often toggle between three different devices throughout the day, research conducted by an office furniture manufacturer has found.
The study, conducted by Steelcase in 2013, analysed 10,739 employees across six continents, and claims to provide insight into how new technologies have changed the way people work and move throughout the day.
“We saw from our research that employees are using more devices and are more mobile throughout the day than ever before. These changes have led to nine new postures not currently supported by traditional office chairs which can cause pain and long-term injuries and reduce concentration and creativity,” said James Ludwig, Vice President, Global Design and Product Engineering at Steelcase.
“The user interface of our new devices is intuitive and responds to various gestures but the way technology impacts our bodies as we work has been largely ignored. This study revealed the frequency in which people move and change positions, and the new postures assumed as employees engage with new technologies,” he said.
According to the survey, women prefer to work on smartphones while laptops are more appealing to men. Men, however, are more likely to work with three or more mobile devices (64 per cent) while women choose to work with a maximum of two (47 per cent). Compared to other generations, millennials are the most mobile, according to the study.
Additional findings of the Global Posture study include:
* Laptops versus Smartphones: Employees surveyed work between 3 and 6 hours on mobile devices daily. Men prefer laptops (34 percent), whereas women like to work on smartphones (41 percent).
* “Millennials” need space to move: The so-called Millennials, born between 1979 and 2000, change postures more often than other age group. Seven percent prefer the “The Cocoon” posture (twisting arms and legs like in a cocoon), 15 percent “The Strunch (stretched out over the desk), and 27 percent “The Trance” (concentrated reading on the screen).
* Women prefer to retreat: Female employees choose postures where they can withdraw from the environment, like “The Cocoon” and “The Strunch“. Men prefer open seating postures to lean back, like “The Draw” (for working with tablets), “The Smart Lean” (to create privacy during meetings) and “The Take It In” (leaning back due to bigger displays).
* Multitasking and concentration: Irrespective of age and gender, 25 per cent of employees prefer “The Multi-Device” posture (simultaneously using several technical devices) followed by 20 per cent preferring “The Trance” (concentrated reading on the screen).
Steelcase identified nine different postures adopted most frequently by office employees, including:
• The Strunch: As people become fatigued, they gradually push their laptop further from the edge of the work surface, resting their weight on the surface.
• The Draw: Technology, small and mobile, allows people to pull back from their desks while they use it.
• The Multi-Device: This posture is representative of how people adapt to multitasking on multiple-devices—one hand holding a phone to the ear, the other tasking on a laptop.
• The Text: Smartphones are small compared to other forms of technology and, therefore, require unique postures. Employees bring arms in close as keying and gesturing are performed.
• The Cocoon: People recline, bring up their feet to a sitting height, and draw their smartphone or tablet close, allowing it to rest on their thighs.
• The Swipe: This posture results when the device is used on a worksurface in “surfing mode”, in which people operate the device with one hand, typically with swiping gestures.
• The Smart Lean: A result of mobile technology and the desire for people to temporarily “pull away”, this postures allows a moment of privacy without having to leave a meeting or collaborative environment.
• The Trance: This posture was observed when people were focused on the screen, either mousing or using a touchpad to navigate, for extended periods of time.
• The Take It In: Due to bigger displays, people recline to view content on their high resolution desktops and/or sit back to contemplate.
“The evidence from the study clearly showed the multiplicity of postures adopted by workers and how comfortable they are in using a widening array of technology,” said Ludwig.
“Many people are using chairs that were designed well before these new devices became common tools at work. Back then, chairs were created to help people hold one pose in front of a computer all day. Now we know that people need to move and change positions regularly, especially as they engage with new technologies.”
The furniture maker says that in response to its Global Posture Study, it introduced the Gesture chair, which it claims is inspired by the movement of the human body and designed for the ways people work today. “We observed people in pain – they need a sitting experience like Gesture designed for the ways we work today,” he said.
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