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A practising Muslim man is four times less likely to get a job interview in France than a Catholic counterpart, according to a study published on Thursday.
The research was carried out by the Montaigne Institute think tank which sent out thousands of responses to job adverts using fictional characters.
The study found that men who identified as practising Muslims had a 4.7 per cent of being asked for a job interview, compared to 17.9 per cent of practising Catholics.
The overall figure for men and women showed Catholics were twice as likely as Muslims to get a callback for a job interview.
The job application discrimination against Jews was apparent but not as pronounced, with a 15.8-per cent chance of landing an interview.
The study was carried out by Marie-Anne Valfort, a senior lecturer at Sorbonne University in Paris, who sent 6,231 responses to job adverts between 2013 and 2014.
All of her "candidates" were Lebanese, born in Beirut in 1988 with the last name Haddad.
But they had different first names depending on the religion they represented: Dov and Esther for Jews, Michel and Nathalie for Catholics, and Mohammed and Samira for Muslims.
They were also listed as having attended faith schools and scout groups linked to their religion.
The results were overwhelming: "The results reveal a strong discrimination against Muslims and Jews in France", the study concluded.
In the case of Muslims, it is even worse than the discrimination faced by African-Americans compared with whites in the United States.
Valfort said the study only caught a small portion of the discrimination faced by job applicants since it did not continue to the interview stage.
"It probably under-estimates the level of discrimination: all studies show that discrimination is present at each step of recruitment," she said.
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