Social networking sites such as Facebook are not doing enough to protect children from potential dangers such as grooming by pedophiles or online bullying, European authorities said on Tuesday.
"Most social networking sites are failing to ensure that minors' profiles are accessible only to their approved contacts by default," said European Commission vice-president Neelie Kroes in a statement.
Of 14 tested, just two - Bebo and MySpace - ensure the required controls to ensure "potential strangers" cannot gain access.
The authorities in Brussels say the number of minors who use the Internet and subscribe to social networking sites is growing - currently 77 per cent of children aged 13-16 and 38 per cent of those aged 9-12.
Kroes said she will urge online social networking site owners to make the changes, warning that "youngsters do not fully understand the consequences of disclosing too much of their personal lives online".
Of particular concern is the practice of tagging people in pictures, which increases the risk for teenagers of "grooming and cyber-bullying", the EU executive said.
The tests, carried out over two months around the turn of year, covered the following websites: Arto, Bebo, Facebook, Giovani.it, Hyves, Myspace, Nasza-klaza.pl, Netlog, One.lt, Rate.ee, SchulerVZ, IRC Galleria, Tuenti and Zap.lu.
The commission said nine more sites that have also signed up to a self-regulating code will be tested later this year.
An EU survey earlier this year said little more than half of children aged 11-12 knew how to change privacy settings.