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The 20 jobs most at risk as the AI boom continues: Is YOUR occupation on the list?
The rise of artificial intelligence is set to boost economic growth, but it is also poised to take over the job market - and a new study now reveals the 20 occupations most at risk.
A team led by Princeton University conducted the AI research by linking 10 AI-powered applications - such as language - to 52 human abilities, to understand if any closely relate.
The results showed that telemarketers, teachers, school psychologists and judges are among the most at risk of the new technology.
Fears of software eliminating human jobs have recently made waves across the globe following the launch of ChatGPT and its ability to perform eerily-human professional tasks such as writing emails and resumes.
'The effect of AI on work will likely be multi-faceted. In some cases, AI may substitute for work previously done by humans, and in other cases, AI may complement work done by humans,' reads the study published Monday.
'A prominent example of how AI capabilities continue to advance are the recent improvements in AI language modeling.
'In particular, ChatGPT, a language modeler released by Open AI in late 2022, has garnered a huge amount of attention and controversy.'
The team used an AI occupational exposure measurement created by Edward Felten, also with Princeton University, in 2021.
In that study, the 10 AI applications included: Abstract strategy games, real-time video games, image recognition, visual question answering, image generation, reading comprehension, translation, speech recognition, and instrumental track recognition.
And the 52 human abilities - obtained from the Occupational Information Network (O*NET) database used by the US Department of Labor to describe over 800 occupations - included examples such as oral comprehension, oral expression, inductive reasoning, and arm-hand steadiness.
The team compared previous occupations at risk of AI to a new list that includes the software's application of language modeling. This application showed a dramatic shift toward jobs in education, whereas the original list shows more in finance
Researchers then added language modeling to the measurement, showing how evolved chatbots like ChatGPT change which occupations are at risk now.
ChatGPT, trained on a gigantic sample of text from the internet, can understand human language, conduct conversations with humans and generate detailed text that many have said is human-like and quite impressive.
The new list shows that teaching roles would be significantly affected by the development. The team noted that 'occupations in the field of education are likely to be relatively more impacted by advances in language modeling than other occupations.'
These findings appear to align with ChatGPT being used to produce homework assignments.
Kevin Bryan, an associate professor at the University of Toronto, who ran an AI-based entrepreneurship program, said he was 'shocked' by the capabilities of the tool after he had it write multiple exam answers.
'You can no longer give take-home exams/homework,' he said in December 2022.
In assigning various AI tasks, some involving combining knowledge across different areas, Bryan said it performed 'frankly better than an average MBA.
However, number one on the list of jobs at risk was telemarketers, which may not be a surprise as many companies already use AI-powered chatbots for this position.
Lyft, Fandango, Spotify and Mastercard are just a few in the large group that prompt users to ask questions to a chatbot to direct their queries better.
AI is not yet capable of replacing human judges, but the technology is useful in the courtroom in many ways.
An AI machine can gather research, preventing the judge from going through legal books manually.
Earlier this month, a judge in Colombia revealed he used ChatGPT to help him decide a case involving an autistic child.
Judge Juan Manuel Padilla Garcia, who presides over a tribunal in the Caribbean city of Cartagena, announced that he had used the system in his January 30 ruling.
He was asked to rule whether a health insurance company could deny paying fees for medical appointments, therapy and transportation for an autistic boy named Salvador, given his parents' limited income.
Padilla - who ruled in favor of the boy and against the health insurance companies, said he asked the bot: 'Is autistic minors exonerated from paying fees for their therapies?' among other questions.
It answered: 'Yes, this is correct. According to the regulations in Colombia, minors diagnosed with autism are exempt from paying fees for their therapies.'
This is all proof that, while it has long been feared that robots will take over blue-collar jobs, AI is coming after white-collar positions too.
AI has the potential to upend jobs where humans earn a living writing reports, from six-figure salary consultants hired by public service departments and large corporations to suburban general practitioners and home tutors who teach children.
Basic journalism is also under threat, with AI able to compile sports reports and condense stock market movements into a readable summary.
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