Though the $5.11 billion (Dh18.8 billion) first-quarter loss was larger than expected, analysts and investors expressed optimism that the largest US bank and its new chief executive, Vikram Pandit, were taking necessary steps to move past credit problems and drive down costs.
Citigroup shares rose $2.22, or 9.2 per cent, to $26.25 in premarket electronic trading.
"It's a cathartic quarter," said Arthur Hogan, chief market analyst at Jefferies & Co in Boston. "Vikram Pandit is coming in and making pretty big changes."
Citigroup's net loss totaled $1.02 per share, and compared with a year-earlier profit of $5.01 billion, or $1.01 per share. Revenue fell 48 per cent to $13.22 billion.
Analysts, on average, expected a loss of 96 cents per share on revenue of $14.35 billion, according to Reuters Estimates.
"We're not happy with our financial results this quarter," Pandit said on a conference call. Nevertheless, he said his confidence in Citigroup's future is "extremely high."
The job cuts are in addition to 4,200 announced in the previous quarter. Citigroup said it ended March with about 369,000 employees.
Pandit is trying to focus on stronger businesses and on cutting costs, including jobs, after years of underinvestment and questionable risk management left New York-based Citigroup bearing the full brunt of the global credit market crisis.
In the last two weeks, Citigroup has said it was selling its Diners Club International credit card network and most of its North American commercial lending and leasing business. Expenses, meanwhile, fell 2 per cent from the fourth quarter.
"Vikram Pandit was always going to shake the trees and get every skeleton out of the cupboard imaginable, which is what he's done," said David Buik, market strategist at Cantor Index in London.
LOSSES PILE UP
Citigroup has lost close to $15 billion in the last two quarters, and has suffered more than $46 billion in write-downs and increased credit costs since the middle of 2007.
The bank has also slashed its dividend and raised more than $30 billion in capital. It ended March with a Tier-1 capital ratio of 7.7 per cent, up from 7.12 per cent at year-end, and above the 6 percent that regulators deem "well-capitalised." The ratio measures the ability to cover losses.
Book value per share, which measures assets minus liabilities, fell to $20.73 from $22.74 at year end. Return on equity was negative 18.6 per cent in the quarter.
Write-downs in the latest quarter included $6 billion tied to subprime mortgages, $3.1 billion for loans to fund corporate buyouts, $1.5 billion for bond insurer exposure, $1.5 billion for auction-rate securities, $1 billion for below-prime "Alt-A" mortgages, and $600 million for commercial real estate.
The bank also incurred $3.1 billion of additional credit costs related to consumer lending.
"Results reflect the continuation of the unprecedented market and credit environment and its impact on our historical risk positions," Pandit said in a statement.
Another lender with heavy debt exposure, Merrill Lynch & Co , set more than $6.5 billion of write-downs on Thursday.
INVESTMENT BANK HIT HARD
Citigroup's investment bank suffered the brunt of the write-downs, and posted a $5.67 billion quarterly loss.
Profit dropped 45 per cent to $1.43 billion at its largest business, the consumer unit, though revenue rose 16 per cent.
US consumer profit fell 84 per cent to $279 million. Citigroup recently lured Terri Dial from Lloyds TSB Group Plc to run the US business. International consumer profit rose 33 per cent.
Profit fell 33 per cent to $299 million at Citigroup's wealth management business, including the Smith Barney brokerage and private bank. Alternative investments suffered a $509 million loss, hurt by write-downs and a hedge fund asset tied to Old Lane Partners LP, Pandit's former firm.
Pandit joined Citigroup in July, when the bank bought Old Lane. He became chief executive in December, replacing Charles Prince, who had resigned under pressure the previous month.
Citigroup ended the quarter with $2.2 trillion in assets.
Through Thursday, the bank's shares had fallen 18 per cent this year, compared with a 9 per cent drop in the Philadelphia KBW Bank Index. The stock's 52-week high is $55.53, set last May 23. (Reuters)
Citigroup to cut 9,000 jobs as losses reach $5.11bn