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18 July 2024

Turkey launches major land offensive into Northern Iraq

By Agencies

Thousands of Turkish troops have crossed into northern Iraq to hunt Kurdish rebels, television and a military source said on Friday, escalating a conflict that could undermine stability in the region.

Turkey's military said the cross-border offensive, possibly the largest in a decade, would continue until they had stopped the threat from PKK rebels, who have been using northern Iraq as a base to stage attacks in Turkey.

The offensive, which started late on Thursday after aircraft and artillery blasted suspected rebel targets, marked a dramatic escalation in Turkey's fight with the PKK rebel group even though Turkey described the operation as limited.

It said in a military statement 24 Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) rebels and five soldiers were killed in clashes in Iraq. It also said at least 20 rebels were killed in separate aerial attacks.


The United States urged Turkey, a key regional ally, to limit its offensive to precise PKK targets and to bring the operation to a swift conclusion. Iraq's government called on Turkey to respect its sovereignty and to avoid any military action which would threaten security.


The European Union and the United Nations also urged restraint, fearing the offensive could jeopardise the most stable region in Iraq at a time when security is improving, and also rekindle tensions between Turks and ethnic Kurds.


The Turkish military said its troops had entered Iraq late on Thursday to destroy PKK camps and hunt rebels, which has been battling for decades to create a Kurdish homeland in southeast Turkey.


"The operations inside Iraq will intensify tomorrow," said a Turkish military source, who declined to be named.


Turkish television said between 3,000 and 10,000 soldiers had entered Iraq, but several Iraqi officials and a military source with US-led coalition forces in Baghdad said only a few hundred troops were involved. 

The senior Turkish military source said two brigades made up of around 8,000 troops had taken part in the offensive.

"The Turkish Armed Forces, which attach great importance to Iraq's territorial integrity and stability, will return home in the shortest time possible after its goals have been achieved," the Turkish General Staff said in a statement.

The official statement did not give the size or length of the surprise operation, given the poor weather conditions. CNN-Turk television, citing Turkish security officials, said the operation could last two weeks. (Reuters)