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21 February 2024

Climate summary for January in UAE


This Month is characterized by drop in temperatures where the weather is cool during daytime and cold during night in general, due to extension of ridge of high pressure system building over Siberia associated with a cold air mass that affects the country and the Arabian Peninsula in general.

  Additionally, during this month, the region is affected by a succession of low pressure systems that pass from West to East, and the country is affected by the extension of the red sea trough at times. Sometimes those pressure systems associated by upper air troughs lead to cloud developments over the country in some days of the month with rainfall.

   The country also experiences strong Northwesterly winds (Shamal) during this month, which cause blowing sand and dust over inland areas especially the exposed areas. These winds lead to rough sea with an increase wave height. 
 Relative humidity increases especially in the early morning, which enhance chances of Fog / Mist formation, the frequency of fog / mist increases more over inlands as compared to coastal areas.


Climatic statistics:

Air temperature:

Mean air temperature ranging between 16.4 °c to 20.0 °C.
Mean maximum air temperature ranging between 21.3 °c to 25.7°C.
Mean minimum air temperature ranging between 11.6 °c to 15.1°C.
Highest maximum temperature reached 36.0 °c over some areas such as Asab 1991, Al Hiyer 1983 and Alfoah 1983.
Lowest minimum air temperature over Raknah in 2008, which reached to -1°C below zero.


Mean wind speed 12 km/h.
The highest wind speed of 99.7 (km / h) at Algheweifat in 2003

Relative Humidity: 

Mean relative humidity during this month :63% 
Mean maximum relative humidity ranging between 78% to 91%.
Mean minimum relative humidity ranging between 31% to 47%.


Highest frequency of fog / mist occasions was in January 2021 with frequency of 19 days of fog and 4 days of mist.

Highest monthly rainfall recorded was 229.9 mm at Saqar port in 2020