UAE becomes first peaceful nuclear operating nation in Arab world
The Emirates Nuclear Energy Corporation, ENEC, announced today that, following the successful completion of fuel assembly loading into Unit 1, the UAE has officially become a peaceful nuclear energy operating nation.
The UAE has also become the first country in the Arab World to achieve this status, joining a limited group of countries worldwide that have successfully developed the intellectual and infrastructural capacity to use nuclear energy to generate safe, clean, and reliable baseload electricity.
The milestone was achieved this week, following the safe and quality-driven completion of the process to load fuel assemblies into the Unit 1 reactor, which commenced after the receipt of the Operating Licence from the UAE Federal Authority for Nuclear Regulation, FANR, in February.
"Our teams have been training over the years to safely progress towards providing the UAE with clean, reliable and abundant electricity to power our economic and societal growth. Today, we are very proud as the UAE joins a limited group of nations who have achieved the global standards necessary to become peaceful nuclear operating nations" said Mohamed Al Hammadi, Chief Executive Officer of ENEC. "We take this responsibility very seriously and our teams are safely and steadily transitioning through the sophisticated, highly-regulated process to advance Unit 1 towards full electrical generation capacity."
The fuel load was led by a team of highly-trained and FANR-certified fuel operators, with over 90 percent participation of Emirati experts who were previously trained in the APR-1400 technology in South Korea. This team led the transfer and load of the 241 fuel assemblies into Unit 1 which concluded earlier this week.
"The fact that the loading of the fuel assemblies has been achieved by a team with over 90 percent experienced and certified Emiratis is an important reflection that nuclear energy is an engine of growth for the UAE," continued Al Hammadi. "Barakah is more than an energy plant, it brings prosperity and value to the UAE with new industrial and human capacity, it significantly improves the carbon footprint and energy security of the nation, and accelerates the decarbonisation of the power sector to contribute to alleviating global climate change."
With the fuel load complete, the plant is now ready to begin the next stage and the UAE becomes the 33rd peaceful nuclear operating nation to achieve this status. The next step will be for the operating teams of Nawah, the operations and maintenance subsidiary of ENEC and the Korea Electric Power Corporation, KEPCO, to start operating the plant, in a process known as Power Ascension Testing, PAT, in which the systems of Unit 1 are safely and gradually tested to move into full electricity production.
As per the Prime Contract signed between ENEC and KEPCO, this process is led by KEPCO and takes the lessons learned of the APR-1400 Korean fleet, which currently operates two APR-1400 units in South Korea at full capacity.
The PAT process is conducted in line with all regulatory requirements and the highest international standards of safety, quality and security. Once the process is completed over the course of a number of months, the plant will begin delivering abundant baseload electricity to power the growth and prosperity of the UAE for decades to come.
Since its inception in 2009, ENEC has developed the UAE Peaceful Nuclear Energy Programme in line with the principles set out in the 2008 UAE Policy on the Evaluation and Potential Development of Peaceful Nuclear Energy, for achieving the highest standards of safety, security, transparency, and non-proliferation.
Throughout every step, ENEC has delivered a programme that has comprehensively met and exceeded these commitments across all critical areas, making the UAE a benchmark for nuclear projects in the region and for new build nations globally.
To date, over 255 inspections have been undertaken by FANR to ensure the Barakah plant and its people and processes meet the highest standards of nuclear quality and safety. These national reviews have been supported by over 40 assessments and peer reviews by the International Atomic Energy Agency, IAEA, and the World Association of Nuclear Operators, WANO, to ensure alignment with international best practice in the nuclear industry.
Nawah Energy Company began the fuel load of Unit 1 following the successful receipt of the Operating Licence from the UAE’s independent nuclear energy regulator, FANR on 17th February 2020, and completion of the Pre Start-up Review, PSUR, by WANO in January 2020. The receipt of the Operating Licence confirms that FANR is completely satisfied that the plant, people, programs, policies and procedures meet their robust standards, and that all voluntary reviews from the IAEA and WANO have been satisfied.
ENEC is currently in the final stages of construction for the remaining three units of the Barakah Nuclear Energy Plant in the Al Dhafra region of Abu Dhabi. The overall construction of the four units is more than 93 percent complete.
Unit 4 is more than 83 percent, Unit 3 is more than 91 percent and Unit 2 is more than 95 percent. The four units at Barakah will generate up to 25 percent of the UAE’s electricity demand by producing 5,600 MW of clean electricity, and preventing the release of 21 million tonnes of carbon emissions each year – the equivalent of removing 3.2 million cars off the roads annually.
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