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14 April 2024

India's central bank cuts rates a week before election

Photo: AFP


India's central bank cut interest rates on Thursday, delivering a shot in the arm to Prime Minister Narendra Modi ahead of a marathon general election starting next week.

The second snip in borrowing costs this year in the Asian giant comes as Modi seeks to convince voters that they should re-elect him despite question marks over his economic record.

He swept to power in 2014 on a business-friendly manifesto that promised to shake up India's economy and boost jobs, securing India's first majority government in three decades.

But with GDP growth stuttering in Asia's third-largest economy and unemployment recently reported to be at a decades-long high, Modi is vulnerable to attack on the economy as he seeks a second term.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) said the benchmark repo rate - the level at which it lends to commercial banks - would be reduced by 25 basis points to 6.00 percent.

It was the second consecutive cut under governor Shaktikanta Das, a Modi ally who was appointed in December after his predecessor, Urjit Patel, quit following a spat with the government over alleged interference.

The bank said the time was ripe for a cut with inflation well below its target of four percent. The cut is expected to boost consumer sentiment going into the polls.

"The output gap remains negative and the domestic economy is facing headwinds, especially on the global front, the bank said in a statement.

"The need is to strengthen domestic growth impulses by spurring private investment which has remained sluggish," it added.

The decision was in line with analysts' expectations: all except two of the 47 economists surveyed by Bloomberg News predicted the cut.

Das has now reversed two rate hikes brought in by Patel last year.

The government was believed to be unhappy with the RBI under Patel's tenure over its apparent reluctance to cut rates to stimulate the economy.

He quit at the end of last year, reportedly amid pressure from India's finance ministry to enact policies that would help spur growth ahead of the mammoth elections which run from April 11 to May 19.

The opposition Congress Party accuses Modi's Bharatiya Janata Party-led administration of interfering with the bank's functioning and has pledged in its manifesto to respect the RBI's independence.

Modi has announced a number of high-profile economic policies during his tenure, including the introduction of a new single tax on goods and a controversial currency ban.

But economic growth is slowing. GDP expansion in Asia's third-largest economy reduced to 6.6 percent in the last quarter, a slump from 7.1 percent in the three months to the end of September.

That was down from 8.2 percent around a year ago.

Modi's pledge to create millions of jobs has also come under scrutiny. A government report leaked in February showed unemployment at a 45-year-high of 6.1 percent in 2017-18.

India's general elections will be the largest democratic exercise of its kind ever held with some 900 million voters eligible to cast ballots. Results are expected on May 23.