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22 February 2024

Algeria tries to solve food crisis after riots

By Reuters

The Algerian government was due to hold a special meeting on Saturday to consider steps to reduce soaring food prices, in an effort to quell violent protests which have broken out across the country.

Algerians have taken to the streets since Wednesday in protest against high unemployment and food price inflation which has seen the cost of staple products like sugar, cooking oil and flour double in recent months.

Authorities are expected to announce measures such as limits on the profit margins traders can charge for staple foods.

Fresh rioting broke out in several provinces on Friday, with police deploying near mosques and authorities suspending soccer matches. According to daily newspaper El Khabar, a young man was killed in clashes on Friday in the city of Msila, about 250 km southeast of the capital Algiers.

The official APS news agency said protesters ransacked government buildings, bank branches and post offices in several eastern cities, including Constantine, Jijel, Setif and Bouira, on Thursday night and Friday morning.

"There is a lot of tension in the air. People are afraid. In my neighborhood, this morning there was no bread, no milk, nothing," said pensioner Abdallah Chiboub, 65, who lives in Bab Ezzouar east of Algiers.

President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, serving his third term, has not made any public comment on the riots. Trade minister Mustapha Benbada has said urgent measures will be taken to alleviate pressure on the population.

"From the start of next week, the situation will get better," Benbada was quoted as saying by state radio.

The government is expected to impose fixed profit margins on widely-consumed goods including edibile oil and sugar. The cost of flour and salad oil has doubled in the past few months, reaching record highs, while 1 kg of sugar, which a few months ago cost 70 dinars (27 US cents), is now 150 dinars.

Unemployment stands at about 10 per cent, the government says. Independent organisations put it closer to 25 per cent. Official data put inflation at 4.2 per cent in November.

With oil prices at around $90 a barrel, energy exporter Algeria can afford to spend more on subsidies to overcome the crisis. Its foreign exchange reserves hit $155 billion by the end of 2010.