The Central Bank has finally issued unified forms for all types of bank loans, ending years of controversy over such contracts and persistent complaints by borrowers, a Dubai-based newspaper said on Wednesday.
The three key forms cover personal loans, car financing and overdraft and they are all binding to all the 51 banks and other financing firms operating in the second largest Arab economy, the Arabic language daily Emirat Alyoum said.
The forms, which will be enforced shortly, have been prepared following many rounds of negotiations and consultations between the Central Bank and the Emirates Banks Association, which groups all banks in the UAE.
The new contracts authorise banks to ask borrowers to ensure all borrowings are covered by a life insurance or a disability insurance policy, in some cases to guarantee the loans would be paid back as the lender could use its value to regain the rest of its funds.
The paper said the forms must include all details about the size of the loan, maturity, and interest rates while borrowers must submit a letter from the employer committing him to have his salary and end of service benefits transferred to that bank during the loan term.
It said the Central Bank defined seven cases in which the loan period should suspended and payment must be made immediately, including termination of services of the borrower, transfer of the salary to another bank without prior approval of the bank, violation of any loan terms by the borrower, defaulting on payment of three successive installments or six non-successive installments, presenting false data by the borrower, death of the borrower and the client’s departure from the UAE permanently.
As for overdraft, the new contract allows banks to cancel or reduce such facilities any time they deem necessary and to ask borrowers to pay back at a date determined by the lender provided the borrower is given 30-day notice.
According to the paper, the three loan forms clearly define the relationship between borrowers and lenders. One term stresses that the bank must not open an account and agree to give a loan before the borrower submits all the documents requested by the bank. Another term authorizes banks to close the account of borrowers in case they give cheques that bounce.
The forms also permit banks to provide all necessary information about the borrowers and their accounts to courts or other competent departments.
Banks can claim immediate payment on loans if:
The debtor is terminated for any reason from his/her work.
Transfer of the monthly salary of the borrower or any part of it to another party without the written consent of the bank.
Breach of commitments or obligations which have been included in the contract of the loan.
Failing to pay three consecutive installments or six non-consecutive in addition to the invalidity of customer data.
Borrower leaves country permanently.
Death of borrower.
Bank has the right to obtain an insurance policy on the life of the debtor in case of disability and should be paid by the borrower himself. Bank can use revenue of policy to pay out the loan, to keep the interest or any other amounts due on the shoulders of the borrower or his heirs.
Interests and Commissions
Banks will have the right to calculate interests and commissions on average daily balance of amounts withdrawn and outstanding on the loan from the date of withdrawal based on the number of actual days elapsed and on the basis that a year is 365 days.
These interests are added to the loan balance so that it should be paid with the monthly installments.
Commissions and fees and expenses incurred on the loan, according to UAE Central Bank regulations, may be amended from time to time.
Bank should be informed of specifications of the vehicle and the value of payment in addition to the interest rate.
Insurance company must be approved by the bank.
In case of failure of the borrower to renew insurance policy, renewal fees will be added to the loan.